Alcohol, a legal depressant, is widely available in various forms such as beer, wine, and spirits. Its consumption can lead to impaired judgment, reduced coordination, and motor skills, making it dangerous when abused. Long-term alcohol abuse can result in addiction, liver damage, cardiovascular problems, and various mental health issues.
Tobacco / Nicotine
Tobacco products like cigarettes and smokeless tobacco contain nicotine, a highly addictive stimulant. Nicotine addiction can lead to a range of health issues, including lung cancer, heart disease, respiratory problems, and the experience of withdrawal symptoms when attempting to quit.
Marijuana / Cannabis
Derived from the cannabis plant, marijuana is a psychoactive substance commonly used for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Short-term effects include altered perception, impaired memory, and increased heart rate. Long-term use can lead to addiction and potential cognitive impairments.
Prescription medications, including opioids, benzodiazepines, and stimulants, are legally prescribed by doctors to treat various medical conditions. However, when abused, they can lead to addiction, overdose, physical health problems, and severe withdrawal symptoms.
Cocaine is a potent stimulant derived from the coca plant. It produces intense euphoria, heightened energy levels, and alertness. With prolonged use, it can lead to heart problems, addiction, and severe psychological issues.
Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant known for its highly addictive properties. It induces intense euphoria, increased energy, and appetite suppression. Prolonged meth use can result in severe physical and mental health problems.
Heroin, an illegal opioid derived from morphine, is infamous for its intense euphoric effects and relaxation. It is highly addictive and associated with overdose risks, infectious diseases, and severe withdrawal symptoms.
Ecstacy / MDMA
MDMA, a synthetic drug, is known for its stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. It can induce feelings of pleasure, heightened sensory perception, and emotional closeness, but it can also lead to dehydration, overheating, and potential long-term serotonin imbalances.
Hallucinogens (LSD, Psilocybin)
Hallucinogens, including LSD and psilocybin found in “magic mushrooms,” alter perception, thoughts, and feelings. Users may experience hallucinations, altered reality, and intense emotions. Long-term effects are not fully understood but may include persistent hallucinogen-induced perception disorder (HPPD).